Welcome to week 3 of Road to Redemption. Today will bring us literally to the cross-road of eternity.
In case you are just joining us, we are in a four week series where we are covering the events of the final week of the earthly life of Jesus Christ.
The first week I covered the triumphal entry and how significant that event was in many respects.
Last week Sandy covered the Last Supper and about some of the last things Jesus said to his disciples before he was arrested.
Today I am going to talk about the 15 hours that changed the world forever.
So far in our timeline we determined that Jesus rode into Jerusalem as the humble king on Monday of “Passion Week.”
He spent most of Tuesday and Wednesday speaking in the Temple while spending his evenings in Bethany. During that time he did the thing where he turned over the tables of the money changers, cursed a fig tree, and made that cool statement about giving to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God what is God’s. It was shortly after that statement that Judas went to the chief priests and offered to betray Jesus for 30 pieces of silver.
Thursday marked the beginning of Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread…SORT OF.
If you remember from week one, there were two ways that people counted days back then. Some called a day sunrise to sunrise and others called it sunset to sunset. This made it so the night time of any day was effectively two dates at the same time. This was the case on Thursday night. In the sunrise to sunrise sense, it was still Thursday, the 13th of Nissan, but in a sunset to sunset sense it was now Friday the 14th of Nissan and officially Passover.
This is actually how Jesus was able to eat the Passover meal with his disciples on Thursday night and BE the ultimate Passover Lamb on Friday – day. It is recorded in extra-biblical sources that during this time in Jerusalem it was common for them to effectively have two Passover days. Since the lambs could only be slaughtered in the temple between the hours of 3 and 5 pm, and there were nearly a million Jews needing this done at the same time, they would actually do the slaughtering of lambs for the sunset to sunset people on Thursday-Day allowing them to eat the lamb after sunset, and thus on Friday. And then do the same thing the next day for the sunrise to sunrise people so they could eat their Passover lamb that evening and it still be Friday for them. This helped to accommodate the large crowds and also enabled Jesus to eat his final Passover with his disciples on Thursday night and then less than 24 hours later actually BE the ultimate Passover lamb for the world.
Some important things happened at that last supper, which Sandy covered last week, such as Jesus washing his disciples’ feet, and afterward they went out to Gethsemane, a garden at the base of the Mount of Olives, so Jesus could pray.
We pick it up in Matthew 26. Now, today I’m not going to show most of the scriptures on the screen, but will be showing pictures instead. One reason is that I’m going to use a lot of them, and the other is that this is a story that is better listened to than to try to follow by reading slides. I have listed all the scriptures I’m using on the back of the bulletin.
36 Then Jesus went with his disciples to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to them, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.” 37 He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee along with him, and he began to be sorrowful and troubled. 38 Then he said to them, “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me.”
39 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will.”
40 Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping. “Couldn’t you men keep watch with me for one hour?” he asked Peter. 41 “Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation. The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
42 He went away a second time and prayed, “My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done.”
43 When he came back, he again found them sleeping, because their eyes were heavy. 44 So he left them and went away once more and prayed the third time, saying the same thing.
45 Then he returned to the disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Look, the hour has come, and the Son of Man is delivered into the hands of sinners. 46 Rise! Let us go! Here comes my betrayer!”
I love that this prayer is included in the telling. It shows just how HUMAN Jesus truly was. But also how DIVINE.
Although this had been the plan from before the creation of the world, now that the hour was at hand – the Son of God dreaded it. He dreaded it to the point of sweating drops of blood as Luke records in his Gospel. I would argue that his dread was not only because of the physical torture he was about to endure, but because of what he was about to become, and the consequences there of. His soul was overwhelmed to the point of death, and he begged the Father for another way. But in the end, He knew there wasn’t and so despite the dread, he kept the course, and for that we shall be forever grateful!
And I say this shows his divinity because unlike you and I would have been, he was in complete control the whole time. At any point, he could have quit, stopped suffering, and just went back to heaven. But he didn’t. Which is why we praise him!
So, he’s done praying and here comes Judas. Let’s pick it up in Matthew again:
47 While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived. With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and the elders of the people. 48 Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: “The one I kiss is the man; arrest him.” 49 Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” and kissed him.
50 Jesus replied, “Do what you came for, friend.”
Then the men stepped forward, seized Jesus and arrested him. 51 With that, one of Jesus’ companions reached for his sword, drew it out and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear.
52 “Put your sword back in its place,” Jesus said to him, “for all who draw the sword will die by the sword. 53 Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels? 54 But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?”
55 In that hour Jesus said to the crowd, “Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come out with swords and clubs to capture me? Every day I sat in the temple courts teaching, and you did not arrest me. 56 But this has all taken place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples deserted him and fled.
Luke adds the detail that Jesus healed the ear that was cut off.
Mark includes the self-incriminating remark:
51 A young man, wearing nothing but a linen garment, was following Jesus. When they seized him, 52 he fled naked, leaving his garment behind.
Kind of funny, but also shows just how scared the disciples were that they all ran for their lives the moment Jesus was arrested, just as Jesus had predicted only a few hours earlier…
John includes a very interesting detail that the others do not about this incident.
3 So Judas came to the garden, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.
4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, “Who is it you want?”
5 “Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied.
“I am he,” Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6 When Jesus said, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
This dialog is repeated, and then they arrest him like the other Gospels describe.
One interesting thing about what Jesus said is that in the Greek it was simply “I AM” – the “he” is added in some cases to make a complete sentence. But “I AM” is the name that God gave himself to Moses.
And at his response, it says they retreated and fell to the ground. This was a group of trained soldiers armed to the teeth ready to take him away, and at just his word – they retreat and then fall to the ground. That’s fear on the soldiers part and power on the part of Jesus. John included this part of the story to make it clear that Jesus was not seized and dragged away, but that he was in complete control and let them take him. Kind of like when Superman let’s people put handcuffs on him…
So, Jesus lets them arrest him and they take him to the house of the high priest, where in the middle of the night a group of the religious elite gathered to finally face the one who had been causing them so much trouble. I’m going to read Mark’s version of this part.
53 They took Jesus to the high priest, and all the chief priests, the elders and the teachers of the law came together. 54 Peter followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. There he sat with the guards and warmed himself at the fire.
55 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death, but they did not find any. 56 Many testified falsely against him, but their statements did not agree.
57 Then some stood up and gave this false testimony against him: 58 “We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this temple made with human hands and in three days will build another, not made with hands.’” 59 Yet even then their testimony did not agree.
60 Then the high priest stood up before them and asked Jesus, “Are you not going to answer? What is this testimony that these men are bringing against you?” 61 But Jesus remained silent and gave no answer.
Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?”
62 “I am,” said Jesus. “And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
63 The high priest tore his clothes. “Why do we need any more witnesses?” he asked. 64 “You have heard the blasphemy. What do you think?” They all condemned him as worthy of death.
65 Then some began to spit at him; they blindfolded him, struck him with their fists, and said, “Prophesy!” And the guards took him and beat him.
There were a lot of things wrong with this picture. First, this was the middle of the night and trials were supposed to happen during the day, but they were doing it this way because the people loved him and they didn’t want a riot.
Second, it wasn’t even really a trial but more of a lynching. All the testimony offered against him was obviously false and everyone knew it. They were trying everything they could think of to accuse him of something worthy of death. Finally the high priest stood up and asked the bottom line question: Are you the Messiah, the Son of God?
To which Jesus once again responded with his true name: I AM. Then he followed it up claiming to be the “Son of Man” a title for the Messiah from Daniel’s prophecy and that he would be sitting at the right hand of God himself!
At this they finally got what they wanted, a clear cut case of blasphemy! A man claiming to be God. Which according to the law was punishable by death!
All this must have taken awhile because this was also when Peter did his three denials out in the courtyard which ended with the rooster crowing that the sun was coming up.
Now that they had their blasphemy charge and the sun was up, they could take him to the Romans to have him killed (because it was against their laws to do it themselves, of course).
We pick the story back up in
1 Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people made their plans how to have Jesus executed. 2 So they bound him, led him away and handed him over to Pilate the governor.
3 When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. 4 “I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.”
“What is that to us?” they replied. “That’s your responsibility.”
5 So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself.
6 The chief priests picked up the coins and said, “It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money.”7 So they decided to use the money to buy the potter’s field as a burial place for foreigners. 8 That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day. 9 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: “They took the thirty pieces of silver, the price set on him by the people of Israel, 10 and they used them to buy the potter’s field, as the Lord commanded me.”
Oh, Judas! While it is not actually stated, I tend to believe that at this point the Devil, who had entered him during the Last Supper and probably filled him with bravado to do the betraying, now left him to realize what he’d done and sent his accusing cohorts to haunt him. Or maybe it was the Holy Spirit convicting him. Either way, he somehow realized what a great error he had made and attempted to UNDO it by giving the money back. But it was too late, and he couldn’t live with himself.
What the chief priests do here is a bit ironic. They had no problem paying for the betrayal, arresting Jesus at night, giving him an illegal trial, then sending him to his death just because they didn’t like him – but they couldn’t violate the law NOW and put this blood money back in the treasury…
But all of this happened clearly to fulfill the prophecy. So many little details about this week clearly show that not a single aspect of this was anything but pre-ordained. You’ll see more in a minute.
So, Jesus is now before Pilate the Roman governor. For this part we will look at Luke’s account as he gives more detail about the trials.
1 Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate. 2 And they began to accuse him, saying, “We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Messiah, a king.”
(Notice how their accusations to Pilate are not what they were accusing him of in their secret trial, but they were just spouting off things they thought the Roman government might care about.)
3 So Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?”
“You have said so,” Jesus replied.
4 Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”
5 But they insisted, “He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the way here.”
6 On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. 7 When he learned that Jesus was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.
8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been wanting to see him. From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform a sign of some sort. 9 He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10 The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate. 12 That day Herod and Pilate became friends—before this they had been enemies.
13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him. 15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death. 16 Therefore, I will punish him and then release him.”
18 But the whole crowd shouted, “Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!” 19 (Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.)
20 Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again. 21 But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”
22 For the third time he spoke to them: “Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him.”
23 But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed. 24 So Pilate decided to grant their demand. 25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.
Matthew adds the detail that Pilate washed his hands and said “I am innocent of this man’s blood.” And the fact that his wife actually warned him not to do anything to Jesus because of a dream she had.
One thing is clear from this and the other accounts is that Pilate had no interest in crucifying Jesus. To him this was a petty squabble about some religious rule he cared nothing about. He didn’t want to kill a man because of something so stupid. But in the end he caved because he would rather just kill this clearly innocent guy than have a riot on his hands and get in trouble with the Emperor.
So he made the order for Barabbas the murderer to be released, and Jesus the innocent to be executed…immediately. Due process worked a little different back then.
The execution began with scourging.
John MacArthur describes this horrific punishment.
The whip used for scourging had a short wooden handle, to the end of which were attached several leather thongs. Each thong was tipped with very sharp pieces of metal or bone. The man to be scourged was tied to a post by the wrists high over his head, with his feet dangling and his body taut. Often there were two scourgers, one on either side of the victim, who took turns lashing him across the back. Muscles were lacerated, veins and arteries were torn open, and it was not uncommon for the kidneys, spleen, or other organs to be exposed and slashed. As would be expected, many men died of scourging before they could be taken out for execution. We do not know the full extent of Jesus’ wounds, but He was so weakened by them that He was not able to carry His own cross.
“By his stripes, we are healed.” Isaiah 53:5
Hollywood cannot do it justice because they would have to kill the actors to make it real enough.
He had already been beaten up by the soldiers at the High Priest mock trial, now he was practically ripped apart by the scourging, but before they led him out to be crucified the Roman soldiers had a little fun with him.
27 Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him. (that’s about 600 soldiers) 28 They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, 29 and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on his head. They put a staff in his right hand. Then they knelt in front of him and mocked him. “Hail, king of the Jews!” they said. 30 They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the head again and again. 31 After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him.
To them he was just another prisoner that they got to kill. This was how they entertained themselves. The Roman soldiers were very good at and loved killing people. In fact, at this point in time they had already crucified some 30,000 Jews over the years. It was practically a daily occurrence.
So, at this point Jesus has been
- beaten about the head multiple times,
- thorns shoved into his skull,
- and most of the skin and muscles of his back and torso shredded like hamburger,
- and all of this completely voluntary.
Recall what he said at his arrest:
Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels?
The story continues…
32 As they were going out, they met a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross. 33 They came to a place called Golgotha (which means “the place of the skull”). 34 There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it.
Jesus refused the drink because the gall was a liquid that was supposed to dull his senses, both to ease his pain and keep him from fighting as they nailed his hands and feet to the cross. Jesus wanted to be fully aware as he continued to allow sinful human beings torture and kill him….for us.
35 When they had crucified him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots. 36 And sitting down, they kept watch over him there. 37 Above his head they placed the written charge against him: this is jesus, the king of the jews.
Crucifixion was simple and evil. They laid the cross on the ground and forced Jesus to lay on top of it. First they put a thick nail through both feet into the vertical part of the cross. Then two more thick nails through his hands (actually more likely the wrists) on the horizontal part – stretched out enough to be extremely uncomfortable even without the nails. Then they pick the cross up vertical and drop it into the hole designed to hold it up causing his full weight to jerk against the nails. And there he hung, having to pull up on the nails in his hands and the nail in his feet just to breath as the blood from all of his wounds just leaked over his body, and down the cross.
For six long hours he hung like this…
…while at any moment he could have stopped it all.
Yet, he remained.
38 Two rebels were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left. 39 Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads 40 and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself!Come down from the cross, if you are the Son of God!” 41 In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him. 42 “He saved others,” they said, “but he can’t save himself! He’s the king of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. 43 He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’” 44 In the same way the rebels who were crucified with him also heaped insults on him.
Luke adds the detail that one of those crucified with him at some point started believing in him and asked Jesus to remember him in heaven, to which Jesus responds, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.” (Luke 23:43)
45 From noon until three in the afternoon darkness came over all the land.
Imagine it being completely dark like night for three hours in the middle of the day. And this was no eclipse or heavy clouds. Luke says that the sun stopped shining! Clearly something big was happening.
46 About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”).
Jesus, the Son of God, One with God the Father, cries out “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?” What is happening here? Has God the Father really forsaken his Son? The short answer is YES!
The theology of this moment is far too deep for any human being to understand, but what is clear from Scripture is that somehow in this moment, INFINITE and FINITE crossed paths. And for a moment God the Father and God the Son were “separated.” And I use that word with caution because at no time was Jesus not still God himself, and the trinity intact, but from the best we can try to understand – God the Father and God the Son lost something of their intimate connection as
God the Son BECAME SIN
God the Father PUNISHED SIN by punishing His Son.
This is a hard topic, and the full weight of what happened here I don’t think we can understand, but I like the way John MacArthur tackles it:
In this unique and strange miracle, Jesus was crying out in anguish because of the separation He now experienced from His heavenly Father for the first and only time in all of eternity. It is the only time of which we have record that Jesus did not address God as Father. Because the Son had taken sin upon Himself, the Father turned His back. That mystery is so great and imponderable that it is not surprising that Martin Luther is said to have gone into seclusion for a long time trying to understand it and came away as confused as when he began. In some way and by some means, in the secrets of divine sovereignty and omnipotence, the God-Man was separated from God for a brief time at Calvary, as the furious wrath of the Father was poured out on the sinless Son, who in matchless grace became sin for those who believe in Him.
And it is Scripture that tells us this must have taken place:
Your eyes (OH GOD) are too pure to look on evil;
you cannot tolerate wrongdoing.
God turned His back when Jesus was on the cross because He could not look upon sin, even—or perhaps especially—in His own Son. Just as Jesus loudly lamented, God the Father had indeed forsaken Him.
The Father forsook the Son because the Son took upon Himself “our transgressions,… our iniquities” (Isa. 53:5).
Jesus “was delivered up because of our transgression” (Rom. 4:25) and “died for our sins according to the Scriptures” (1 Cor. 15:3).
He “who knew no sin [became] sin on our behalf” (2 Cor. 5:21) and became “a curse for us” (Gal. 3:13).
“He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross” (1 Pet. 2:24), “died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust” (1 Pet. 3:18), and became “the propitiation for our sins” (1 John 4:10).
Jesus Christ not only bore man’s sin but actually became sin on man’s behalf, in order that those who believe in Him might be saved from the penalty of their sin.
So, yes, for a moment, as Jesus became sin for us, God the Father had to turn his head. This is what I believe Jesus dreaded far more than the physical torture.
We can only imagine what it was like for SINLESS to become SIN and take upon himself the punishment that was ours.
Aside from being a true statement, Jesus was also quoting from Psalm 22 which I’ll let you read on your own in the further study section of the notes. But when you read it, you will see again that the prophets of old were pointing to Christ.
The story continues…
47 When some of those standing there heard this, they said, “He’s calling Elijah.”
48 Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink. 49 The rest said, “Now leave him alone. Let’s see if Elijah comes to save him.”
50 And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.
John records that what Jesus said here was “It is finished!”
51 At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split 52 and the tombs broke open. The bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life. 53 They came out of the tombs after Jesus’ resurrection and went into the holy city and appeared to many people.
These things are amazing!
Darkness for three hours, then earthquakes and dead people coming out of their graves alive again! It’s no wonder that even the Roman soldiers became convinced…
54 When the centurion and those with him who were guarding Jesus saw the earthquake and all that had happened, they were terrified, and exclaimed, “Surely he was the Son of God!”
While the earthquakes and open graves are impressive, I won’t cover those today because the most significant thing that happened was the veil being torn…
The veil was the giant curtain that hung in the temple at the entrance to the most sacred place in all the world at the time, the Holy of Holies. The place that no man was allowed to go, except once a year the high priest could go in there for the annual atonement sacrifice, but only after a series of ceremonies. This is where it was believed by the Jews that God actually lived. This curtain was huge, about 60 feet high, 30 feet across, and 4 inches thick. And the instant Jesus died it was ripped in two right down the middle from top to bottom right in front of the crowd that was at the temple at that moment slaughtering the passover lambs.
God was showing the world that with the death of Christ, sin was paid for, lamb sacrifices were no longer needed, and man could go into the Holy of Holies anytime he wanted because God had come to us and now the Holy of Holies, God’s official dwelling place is inside of those who believe!
This was redemption. Redemption is the “action of regaining or gaining possession of something in exchange for payment.”
And that is what Jesus did on that cross. He REDEEMED US. We were lost, dead in our sins, eternally separated from the God who cannot tolerate sin. But instead of leaving us like that, God wanted us back, so he paid the price himself. God the Father gave up his Son. God the Son gave up his life freely and voluntarily for you and for me.
He took our place.
Do you know what really killed Jesus, the Son of God? It wasn’t the nails, or the scourging, or the beatings, or the loss of blood. There is, in fact, only one thing that causes death on this earth: SIN.
Sin is why we die.
Paul spells it out in
Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin,and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—
The only reason why anything dies on this earth, including you and me, is because of sin, of which we are all infected. And because of that we die both a physical death and a spiritual death.
Jesus knew no sin. He was sinless, and because he was born of a virgin and not a human man’s seed – he did not have the inborn sin that we are all born with (a deep theological topic for another time).
2 Corinthians 5:21
God made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God.
He would have lived forever as a human, but because he became sin – he died a physical death, and even something of a spiritual death….in our place.
But he didn’t only become sin…
He became MY sin.
He became YOUR sin.
He became OUR sin.
And God punished MY sin, YOUR sin, OUR sin, in Jesus.
So that we don’t have to pay for our own sins, if we will only put our faith in Jesus and what he did for us when he died on that cross.
You will never understand what Jesus did on that cross until you come to grips with your own sin.
And while Jesus did indeed die…death did not defeat him.
- Isaiah 53
- Who is this clearly talking about?
- What does it say he has done for us?
- Psalm 22 (focus on vs 1, 6-8, 12-18, 31)
- Notice how the Psalm begins and how it ends.
- This was written long before crucifixion was an execution method.
- Some Scriptures stating Jesus died for our sins:
- Romans 4:25
- 1 Corinthians 15:3
- 2 Corinthians 5:21
- Galatians 3:13
- 1 Peter 2:24
- 1 Peter 3:18
- 1 John 4:10